The Battle of Salamis

This sea battle played a pivotal role in the Persian War. Xerxes and his Persian army never recovered. In fact, Xerxes returned to Persia after the defeat, leaving several generals and a large portion of his army behind to continue fighting the Greeks. The rest of the Persian army would return home after being defeated at Plataea and the Persian Empire began to crumble.

This YouTube video has great narration and visuals about the Battle of Salamis, sometimes referred to as the greatest naval battle in ancient times. As you watch this video (between minutes 1:30 and 9:00 are the most relevant sections) think about how Themistocles changed the Persian's strength into a weakness.

Listen to Professor Fears describe the Battle of Salamis. Then, complete the task below.

Battle of Salamis Part 1
Battle of Salamis Part 2

Task 1: Write a newspaper account telling of the Battle of Salamis. Choose to write it from either the Greek or the Persian point-of-view. Include at least one illustration with a caption.

Extension Discussion: As the Athenians were debating whether to fight the Persians at Salamis or abandon their city, there were many Athenians who wanted to leave the Greek mainland and re-settle in Northern Africa. An oracle (fortune-teller) had predicted that "the destiny of Athens lies to the West." Many interpreted that as proof that they should move their entire city-state west and start over again. What do you think of this prediction? What might be another interpretation of it? (If you need a hint, look at a map to see what other lands lie west of Athens...). To respond, either click on the DISCUSSION tab above (you must "join" this page to do so) or, send an email to Mrs. Gablaski, or, write your response on paper and give to Mrs. Gablaski or your social studies teacher. THINK CRITICALLY!

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